Ağrı

​Volcano type: Stratovolcano

Volcano number: 213040

Latitude: 39.7°N

Longitude: 44.3°E

Elevation: 5165 m

Distance to Ankara: ~980 km

Closest city: Iğdır ~30 km

Population within 5 km: 25

Population within 10 km: 1,239

Population within 30 km: 135,563

Population within 100 km: 2,811,646

Turkey's easternmost and largest volcano, Ağrı is located close to the borders with Armenia, Azerbaijan and Iran, and is thus known by several names. Ararat is the common name outside of Turkey. Ağrı has two main volcanic cones: Greater Ararat (~5,137m, westernmost) and Lesser Ararat (~3,896m, eastern cone). With such elevation, Ağrı is home to a permanent, though rapidly receding ice cap and large amounts of snow in the winter.

 

Extensive flank eruptions along N-S trending fissures followed the construction of the two main cones. Cinder cones and dacitic-rhyolitic lava domes formed around Greater Ararat, whilst pyroclastic cones and domes formed on the west flank of the Lesser Ararat.

Three Holocene eruptions are recorded, and another two uncertain. Pyroclastic flow deposits are found to overlie early Bronze Age artifacts, demonstrating a deadly Bronze Age eruption. Most recently, a devastating eruption, earthquake and landslide occurred at the volcano in 1840.

References

Güner, Y., Şaroğlu, F. 1987. ‘’Doğu Anadolu’da Kuvaterner volkanizması ve jeotermal enerji açısından önemi’’, Türkiye 7. Petrol Kongresi Bildiriler Kitabı, 371-383.

 

Global Volcanism Program, 2013. Ararat (213040) in Volcanoes of the World, v. 4.7.7. Venzke, E (ed.). Smithsonian Institution. Downloaded 18 Apr 2019 (https://volcano.si.edu/volcano.cfm?vn=213040). https://doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.VOTW4-2013

Karaoğlu, Ö., Elshaafi, A., Salah, M. K., Browning, J., Gudmundsson, A. 2017. ‘’Large-volume lava flows fed by a deep magmatic reservoir at Ağrı Dağı (Ararat) volcano, Eastern Turkey’’, Bulletin of volcanology, 79(2), 15.

Yılmaz, Y., Guner, Y., Saroglu, F. 1998. ‘’Geology of the Quaternary volcanic centers of the east Anatolia’’, J. Volcanol. Geotherm. Res., 85, 173-210.

Mt. Ararat
Mt. Ararat

Emine Rojin Alagöz

Mt. Ararat
Mt. Ararat

Emine Rojin Alagöz

Khor Virap Monastary with Ararat
Khor Virap Monastary with Ararat

Andrew Sevag Behesnilian

Mt. Ararat
Mt. Ararat

Emine Rojin Alagöz

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