Karapınar Volcanic Field

​Volcano type: Pyroclastic cones

Volcano number: 213001

Latitude: 37.667°N

Longitude: 33.6°E

Elevation: 1302 m

Distance to Ankara: ~260 km

Closest city: Ereğli, <40 km

Population within 5 km: 46,013

Population within 10 km: 46,013

Population within 30 km: 73,698

Population within 100 km: 1,220,961

Karapınar Volcanic area is the region between Konya and Aksaray provinces in Central Anatolia, between Konya Karapınar district and Zengen districts. There are dozens of monogenetic volcanoes in the region. Maars, cinder cones are dominant volcano types. The volcanic area consists of two main regions. The region, which includes volcanoes such as Karacadağ, Meke Lake and Acıgöl near Karapınar district in the west, is the region between Eğrikuyu-Zengen-Üçkuyu in the east and contains dozens of cinder cones and maars.

 

It is one of the regions where Central Anatolian's basic volcanism and monogenetic volcanoes can be seen most beautifully. Lake Meke, which is the symbol of Karapınar volcanic area, resembles the evil eye bead with the cinder cone coming out of a maar.

 

Karapınar volcanic area showed its effects at different times during the Quaternary period and formed its products with basic volcanism. These products mostly surfaced using weak zones. There are gas outflows of volcanic origin in the Karapınar region, especially in the Nasuhpınarı region and in the Acıgöl maar.
 

 

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Karapınar Volcanic Field ©Atıcı vd.,2020

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Cinder cones and maars in the Karapınar Volcanic Field ©Atıcı vd.,2020

References

Di Giuseppe, P., Agostini, S., Manetti, P., Savascin, M.Y., Conticelli, S. 2018. ‘’Sub-lithospheric origin of Na-alkaline and calc-alkaline magmas in a post-collisional tectonic regime: Sr-Nd-Pb isotopes in recent monogenetic volcanism of Cappadocia, Central Turkey’’, Lithos, 316-317, 304-322.

Doğan Külahci, G.D., Temel, A., Gourgaud, A., Varol Muratçay, E., Guillou, H., Deniel, C. 2018. ‘’Contemporaneous alkaline and calc-alkaline series in Central Anatolia (Turkey): Spatio-temporal evolution of a post-collisional Quaternary basaltic volcanism’’, Journal Of Volcanology And Geothermal Research, 356, 56-74.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2018.02.012

Global Volcanism Program, 2013. Karapinar Field (213001) in Volcanoes of the World, v. 4.7.7. Venzke, E (ed.). Smithsonian Institution. Downloaded 18 Apr 2019 (https://volcano.si.edu/volcano.cfm?vn=213001). https://doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.VOTW4-2013

Reid, M. R., Schleiffarth, W.K., Cosca, M.A., Delph, J.R., Blichert-Toft, J., Cooper, K.M. 2017. ‘’Shallow melting of MORB-like mantle under hot continental lithosphere, Central Anatolia’’, Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst., 18, 1866–1888, doi:10.1002/2016GC006772.

Uslular, G., Gençalioğlu-Kuşcu, G. 2019. ‘’Mantle source heterogeneity in monogenetic basaltic systems: A case study of Eğrikuyu monogenetic field (Central Anatolia, Turkey)’’, Geosphere, 15(2), 295-323. DOI: 10.1130/GES01682.1